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The Fairtrade mark (or label) is an independent consumer label which appears on products as an independent guarantee that disadvantaged producers in the developing world are getting a better deal. For a product to display the Fairtrade mark it must meet international Fairtrade standards for environmental, labour and developmental factors. These standards are set by the international certification body Fairtrade Labelling Organisations International (FLO).
Producer organisations that supply Fairtrade products are inspected and certified by FLO. They receive a minimum price that covers the cost of sustainable production and an extra premium that is invested in social or economic development projects. The FLO International Fairtrade certification system covers a growing range of products, including bananas, honey, oranges, cocoa, cotton, dried and fresh fruits and vegetables, juices, nuts and oil seeds, quinoa, rice, spices, sugar, tea and wine.
- The guaranteed Fairtrade minimum price paid to producers covers production and living costs
- The additional Fairtrade premium is for investment in agreed community development projects such as drilling wells and constructing or improving schools and clinics
- Sustainable agricultural production methods are employed, including environmental protection and ongoing reduction in the use of agrochemicals
- Non-discrimination and equality of opportunity for all members and workers
- Democratic and transparent management structures are in place
- Pre-finance of up to 60% of the value of the contract is available on request
- Fairtrade registered buyers make a commitment to long-term, stable relationships with producer